Amsterdam fined Holocaust survivors following liberation for failing to pay taxes while in hiding or imprisoned at concentration camps.
The information was reported over the weekend by the Dutch paper Het Parool, which claimed the city fined hundreds of Shoah survivors as late as 1947.
Most Dutch cities waived unpaid taxes following the war. Het Parool reported, however, that the Dutch Nazi party in some instances confiscated Jewish homes over unpaid fees and used them for their own purposes.
Once the scheme was stopped in 1947, Amsterdam agreed to pay back half of the fines it had collected. City archives show 342 submissions for reimbursement.
The information was uncovered by a 23-year-old student, who found archived material in city offices while researching Jewish homeowners.
A spokesperson for the city government told the Dutch publication an investigation into the matter would be opened.
“The City of Amsterdam has never, to my knowledge, taken steps to correct its actions,” Ronny Naftaniel, senior adviser for a Hague anti-Semitism watchdog, told JTA, calling the news “shocking.”
Prior to World War II, Holland boasted a Jewish population of 140,000, 75 percent of which was killed.